Slumdog Millionaire gives the west a peep-hole into the development of one of the worlds rising and dominant cities, Mumbai. Mumbai represents in its essence the post-modern city at it's greatest. From where it was 100 years ago to where it stands today, it fits the criteria of a contemporary post-modern city, "The increasingly 'carceral' city: The postmodern kaleidoscopic city has become increasingly ungovernable. This has led to walled-in estates, armed guards, patrolled shopping centres, surveillance cameras and wire fences, all aimed at keeping the threatening spectre of crime, violence and ethnic difference at bay. LA is marked by turf wars of gangs and police, the latter armed with the latest technology of control. However, Soja also points to an increasing politics of place, including greater neighborhood participation in local municipal issues (Barker 392).
Although not a city of the west, it has taken on many principals and ideals originally constructed in the west; contradictory from the east in which it stands, "The modern Anglo-American city has commonly been discussed in terms of a poor, non-white, inner-city zone of decay paralleled by the growth of suburbs populated by a predominately middle class. typically, the involved a degree of 'white flight' from the city to the suburbs and the emptying out of the inner city" (Barker 393). Perhaps the inverse has taken place in Mumbai, where it's residents have remained, and whites from other areas have come in and used it as the marketplace that it has become. For Soja these elements contribute to Mumbai as a post modern city.
As developed and modern as Mumbai has become, it still has many of it's traditional roots. This does not disqualify it from still being a post-modern city in the opinion of Soja, "For Soja, postmodern urbanization does not imply total transformation of the urban landscape into something wholly new. Rather, the postmodern city has continuities with its past. On the other hand, the concept of the postmodern does suggest something more than piecemeal reford. Sojo argues that we can see in Los angeles six intertwined processes and relationships that together produce a composite postmodern urban geography. There are as follows (391). Just like Los Angeles, many intertwined processes and relationships have come together in Mumbai to contribute to its nature as a post-modern city.